The contribution of Muslims to science and their achievement mentionet in this article are meant only to serve as examples and sould be understood as merely representative of the glorius services given by Muslim scientists to the overall development of science.
Before Islam, the Arabs had a rudimentary knowledge of history and geography. Their history was limited to the records of the local tribes and territories. Islam motivates individuals to think and acquire education.
Muslims are ordered to interact with others to carry the Message of Islam to them. In order tho achieve this, the Muslims are ordered to build material capability. The Khalif is responsible to utilize any means to take care of the affairs of the people. Therefore, all of these help to initiate the tecnological achievement among the Muslims.
From the early days of Islam, the Muslims of all region in general, and those of Arabia in particular, traveled extensively through the plains, hils, rivers, oceans, forests, and deserts in connections with jihad, hajj, and trade. In the course of theirs life, theu collected information on social, political, historical, geographical, economical, and agricultural conditions of land they visited or settled in.
As a consequence of the collection of such information, sciences such as history and geography became rich. During those days, the travel was tedious and hazardous because there were no means of transportation except animal, and no regular road existed, yet, the Muslims traveled extensively through all kind of terrain.